When trying to run
--recv-key I was running into issues where
dirmngr didn’t exist. As it turns out, it’s the same issue I was having where
gpg-agent couldn’t start/
Given the following error message:
$ gpg --recv-key 0xDEADBEEF gpg: DBG: locking for '/home/michael/.gnupg/gnupg_spawn_dirmngr_sentinel.lock' done via O_EXCL gpg: connecting dirmngr at '/home/michael/.gnupg/S.dirmngr' failed: IPC connect call failed gpg: keyserver receive failed: No dirmngr
The fix is to redirect the socket to somewhere writeable.
$ printf '%%Assuan%%\nsocket=/dev/shm/S.dirmngr\n' > ~/.gnupg/S.dirmngr